The world governing body of swimming, FINA, has caused waves around the world after effectively announcing a ban on transgender athletes from competing in women's events.
FINA members widely adopted a new “gender inclusion policy” over the weekend that only permits swimmers who transitioned before age 12 to compete in women’s events. The organisation also proposed an “open competition category.”
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The new policy was passed by 71% of the vote across 152 FINA members and was described as "only a first step towards full inclusion" for trans athletes.
“This is not saying that people are encouraged to transition by the age of 12. It’s what the scientists are saying, that if you transition after the start of puberty, you have an advantage, which is unfair,” FINA spokesperson James Pearce said on behalf of the organisation's president, Husain Al-Musallam.
“They’re not saying everyone should transition by age 11, that’s ridiculous. You can’t transition by that age in most countries and hopefully you wouldn’t be encouraged to. Basically, what they’re saying is that it is not feasible for people who have transitioned to compete without having an advantage.”
Pearce confirmed there are currently no transgender women competing in elite levels of swimming.
The World Professional Association for Transgender Health just lowered its recommended minimum age for starting gender transition hormone treatment to 14 and some surgeries to 15 or 17.
FINA’s new 24-page policy also proposed a new “open competition” category. The organisation said it was setting up “a new working group that will spend the next six months looking at the most effective ways to set up this new category.”
Pearce told the AP that the open competition would most likely mean more events, but those details still need to be worked out.
“No one quite knows how this is going to work. And we need to include a lot of different people, including transgender athletes, to work out how it would work," he said. "So there are no details of how that would work. The open category is something that will start being discussed tomorrow.”
The debate around trans athletes is one that has polarised sports fans around the world and FINA's announcement left users divided on social media.
This is essentially a ban of trans women from swimming entirely, unless they start transitioning under the age of 12.
No Olympics. They'll create a "separate category" which will basically have a single swimmer per race by themselves.
This is terrible.https://t.co/4itu8m8e5q
— Erin Reed (@ErinInTheMorn) June 19, 2022
Swimming authority votes to ban trans women from swimming events because they are trans and didn’t “transition fully” before they were 12
Trans people’s presence is never a problem. Believing and acting like it is, is dangerous bigotryhttps://t.co/B9GZMKkbbp
— What The Trans!? (WhatThetrans.com) (@WhatTheTrans) June 19, 2022
I thought there was going to be a lot of criticism over FINA's move to ban transgender athletes from competing in women's sport. Turns out that's not the case.
Nice to see common sense has become commonplace once again 🤷
— Rahim™ 🇬🇧🇲🇦 (@rahim94) June 19, 2022
Am I right, FINA will only accept MTF competitors if they've transitioned by age 12... I mean even I'm not sure 12 is right. So policy is an excuse to ban trans sportswomen by the backdoor. Ridiculous!
— 🏳️🌈 Darren 🏳️⚧️ 💙💛 (@Dolly_Darren) June 19, 2022
FINA's members voted after hearing presentations from three specialist groups — an athlete group, a science and medicine group and a legal and human rights group — that had been working together to form the policy following recommendations given by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) last November.
The IOC urged shifting the focus from individual testosterone levels and calling for evidence to prove when a performance advantage existed.
Rights group condemns FINA's decision
An advocacy group speaking on behalf of trans athletes slammed FINA's new move.
FINA’s “deeply discriminatory, harmful, unscientific” new policy is “not in line with (the IOC’s) framework on fairness, inclusion and non-discrimination on the basis of gender identity and sex variations,” Anne Lieberman of Athlete Ally, a nonprofit that advocates for LGBTQ athletes, said in a statement.
“The eligibility criteria for the women’s category as it is laid out in the policy (will) police the bodies of all women, and will not be enforceable without seriously violating the privacy and human rights of any athlete looking to compete in the women’s category,” Lieberman said.
FINA said it recognises "that some individuals and groups may be uncomfortable with the use of medical and scientific terminology related to sex and sex-linked traits (but) some use of sensitive terminology is needed to be precise about the sex characteristics that justify separate competition categories.”
In March, American college swimming star Lia Thomas made history as the first transgender woman to win an NCAA swimming championship, the 500-yard freestyle.
Thomas said last month on ABC’s “Good Morning America" that she was aiming to become an Olympic swimmer. She also disputed those who say she has an unfair biological edge that ruins the integrity of women’s athletics, saying “trans women are not a threat to women’s sports.”
The University of Pennsylvania didn't immediately respond to a request for comment from Thomas.
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