By Horacio Soria and Claudia Martini
BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) - Argentine President Alberto Fernandez and protesters in Buenos Aires pushed back against the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Thursday amid heightened tensions with the lender as the country faces nearly 109% inflation and dwindling dollar reserves.
The South American grains producer, which has a strained history with the IMF, agreed to a $57 billion program with the Washington-based body in 2018 under former conservative leader Mauricio Macri to stave of economic crisis. That failed and was replaced by a new $44 billion deal last year.
But tensions have risen as a severe drought has battered grains exports, Argentina's top source of dollars, forcing both sides back to the negotiating table to revamp the deal. Buenos Aires wants faster payouts and easier economic targets.
"More than a debt, it's a crime," President Fernandez wrote in a tweet on Thursday, citing a new government auditor report that concluded the original deal had lacked the required impact study and not passed through proper legislative channels.
Fernandez, who has criticized the original deal before, called for an investigation "with all the weight of the law."
Powerful but divisive Vice President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, a previous two-term president, called the original deal "scandalous" and a "scam" of the Argentine people.
Macri and the IMF have defended the original deal as necessary to restore Argentina's economic stability. Critics of the current government blame it for money printing to fund state spending, which they say stokes inflation and weakens the peso.
The IMF declined comment on the new criticism of the deal.
On the streets of Buenos Aires on Thursday, thousands of Argentines marched in protest against tough economic conditions and the IMF, which many blamed for austerity measures that sharpened Argentina's worst economic crisis in two decades.
"Our worry is that the IMF will meddle in Argentina's own internal issues," said protester Norma Morales, defending government subsidies as essential especially with poverty levels having risen to around 40%.
"A lot of pensioners who get the minimum pension are in danger, so are many women with universal child allowance – a right so kids can keep studying and eating. We don't have two plates of food a day guaranteed for children in our country."
(This story has been refiled to correct bylines)
(Reporting by Horacio Soria and Claudia Martini; Additional reporting by Rodrigo Campos; Writing by Anna-Catherine Brigida; Editing by Aurora Ellis)